miércoles, 11 de abril de 2012

Los buques insignia de la ciencia del futuro II

The FuturICT flagship proposal intends to unify hundreds of the best scientists in Europe in a 10 year, 1 billion EUR program to explore social life on earth and everything it relates to. The FuturICT flagship proposal will produce historic breakthroughs and provide powerful new ways to manage challenges that make the modern world so difficult to predict, including the financial crisis.

The Spanish node involves a number of groups and institutions involving world-class researchers in ICT, Physics, Mathematics, Engineering, Social Sciences and Computer Science. The node is organized around Barcelona as the Spanish hub and run by a Steering Committee coordinated by a National Spokesman.   

HBP Human Brain Project 

The brain, with its billions of interconnected neurons, is without any doubt the most complex organ in the body and it will be a long time before we understand all its mysteries. The Human Brain Project proposes a completely new approach. The project is integrating everything we know about the brain into computer models and using these models to simulate the actual working of the brain. Ultimately, it will attempt to simulate the complete human brain. The models built by the project will cover all the different levels of brain organisation – from individual neurons through to the complete cortex. The goal is to bring about a revolution in neuroscience and medicine and to derive new information technologies directly from the architecture of the brain.
The challenges facing the project are huge. Neuroscience alone produces more than 60'000 scientific papers every year. From this enormous mass of information, the project will have to select and harmonise the data it is going to use – ensuring that data produced with different methods is fully comparable.
The data feeding the project's simulation effort will come from the clinic and from neuroscience experiments. As we try to fit all the information together, we will discover many of the brain's fundamental design secrets: the geometry and electrical behaviour of different classes of neurons, the way they connect to form circuits, and the way new functions emerge as more and more neurons connect. It is these principles, translated into mathematics that will drive the project's models and simulations.
Today, simulating a single neuron requires the full power of a laptop computer. But the brain has billions of neurons and simulating all them simultaneously is a huge challenge. To get round this problem, the project will develop novel techniques of multi-level simulation in which only groups of neurons that are highly active are simulated in detail. But even in this way, simulating the complete human brain will require a computer a thousand times more powerful than the most powerful machine available today. This means that some of the key players in the Human Brain Project will be specialists in supercomputing. Their task: to work with industry to provide the project with the computing power it will need at each stage of its work.
The Human Brain Project will impact many different areas of society. Brain simulation will provide new insights into the basiccauses of neurological diseases such as autism, depression, Parkinson's, and Alzheimer's. It will give us new ways of testing drugs and understanding the way they work. It will provide a test platform for new drugs that directly target the causes of disease and that have fewer side effects than current treatments. It will allow us to design prosthetic devices to help people with disabilities. The benefits are potentially huge. As world populations grow older, more than a third will be affected by some kind of brain disease. Brain simulation provides us with a powerful new strategy to tackle the problem.
The project also promises to become a source of new Information Technologies. Unlike the computers of today, the brain has the ability to repair itself, to take decisions, to learn, and to think creatively - all while consuming no more energy than an electric light bulb. The Human Brain Project will bring these capabilities to a new generation of neuromorphic computing devices, with circuitry directly derived from the circuitry of the brain. The new devices will help us to build a new generation of genuinely intelligent robots to help us at work and in our daily lives.
The Human Brain Project builds on the work of the Blue Brain Project. Led by Henry Markram of the Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), the Blue Brain Project has already taken an essential first towards simulation of the complete brain. Over the last six years, the project has developed a prototype facility with the tools, know-how and supercomputing technology necessary to build brain models, potentially of any species at any stage in its development. As a proof of concept, the project has successfully built the first ever, detailed model of the neocortical column, one of the brain's basic building blocks.


ZERO POWER: Universities and high-tech industries across Europe are gathering to make the Guardian Angels project happen. These small devices, products of nanotechnology, will combine low-power electronics with new sources of energy, taken form their immediate environment (sun, body movements, changes in temperature).
In a time when “portability” is the keyword and energy supply is raising concerns, both economic and ecological stakes are huge.

HEALTH CARE Embedded in clothes, invisible and non-invasive, Guardian Angels devices will be able to monitor vital health signals (blood-sugar level, heartbeat), searching for anomalies (cancer biomarkers and infection’s agents) and take appropriate actions.
By using innovative sensors, Guardian Angels could also measure a wide array of environmental factors (pollen, CO2, road traffic, etc.), in order to prevent health issues and protect the wearer.

REHABILITATION Relying on man-machine interfaces, Guardian Angels could sense and communicate through non-verbal languages: they could play an important role in the rehabilitation area, in prosthetics or by helping autistic patients to interact with their environment.

ITMoF : Future of Medicine
We will harness the vast potential of ICT to revolutionise human health care. We will exploit the unprecedented amounts of detailed biological data for individual people, and turn this information into actual knowledge that helps us in taking medical and lifestyle decisions. By integrating the available biological data we will construct computational models of the biological processes that occur in every human. Since everybody is different, the models will be tailored to each individual to reflect their own unique anatomical, physiological and genetic makeup. ITFoM will lead the way towards truly personalised health care.

Robot Companions for Citizens

Robot Companions for Citizens (RCC) is a coordination action to design and describe the scientific, technological, and organisational framework of a proposal for a large-scale future development project in Europe, called 'FET Flagships'. The FET Flagship initiative RCC will realize a unique and unforeseen multidisciplinary science and engineering program supporting a radically new approach towards machines, and how we deploy them in our society


FET Flagships are ambitious large-scale, science-driven, research initiatives that aim to achieve a visionary goal. The scientific advance should provide a strong and broad basis for future technological innovation and economic exploitation  in a variety of areas, as well as novel benefits for society.


Enlaces , fuente:

El éxito del European Research Council ( que financia investigación competitiva sin tener en cuenta la nacionalidad del solicitante, sólo la calidad de la propuesta, marca el camino a seguir. 
Necesitamos que los científicos y los economistas trabajen juntos en los niveles de gestión y decisión pública
Future and Emerging Technologies (FET) es el programa de iniciativas pioneras en tecnologías de la información de la UE. En este momento la Comisión toma una iniciativa más ambiciosa para coordinar un esfuerzo a nivel europeo hacia objetivos tecnológicos visionarios. Esto se traduce en la iniciativa FET Flagship.
Los FET Flagships son iniciativas a gran escala, motivadas desde la ciencia y con una misión clara que pretenden alcanzar una meta tecnológica visionaria. La escala del proyecto es diez años o más de esfuerzo coordinado, y un presupuesto de mil millones de euros por Flagship. Las iniciativas se coordinan entre los programas nacionales y los de la UE y tienen dimensiones globales para promover el liderazgo europeo y la excelencia en investigación de frontera.”
“la Comisión decide lanzar una iniciativa, pero no tiene el dinero (y no todo) y entonces tiene que convencer a los estados miembros de que pongan lo que falta. Esto no es más que el producto de una estructura de gestión abstrusa e ineficiente, producto seguramente y a mi pobre entender de la falta de integración europea”  Anxo Sanchez

“De Europa no saldrá un smart grid, ni liderazgo en aplicacionmes de energías libres (tax free) ni nada que suponga mayor operatividad independencia o inicitiva individual o que cree masivamente empleo industrial. En esto vamos a remolque y tirando hacia atrás.
Me quedo con el carbono constructivo y la nano. “ Manu Oq
“Las ‘medicinas’ convencionales para tratar los problemas de nuestro mundo fallan cada vez más a menudo. Pero muchos problemas actuales se deben a un entendimiento del mundo que se ha quedado obsoleto. De hecho, nuestra manera tradicional de pensar está fundamentalmente equivocada, porque el mundo ha cambiado: Mientras sus partes todavía parecen más o menos lo que eran, las hemos conectado y las hemos hecho fuertemente interdependientes. Cuando la auto-organización entra en juego, las propiedades de los componentes individuales ya no caracterizan el comportamiento del sistema, sino que el comportamiento colectivo toma el contro. La dinámica de grupo y la psicología de masas son dos ejemplos.
Como consecuencia, tenemos que cambiar nuestra atención de los componentes visibles de nuestro mundo a lo invisible: las interacciones. En otras palabras, necesitamos un cambio de paradigma de una perspectiva orientada a objetos a otra orientada a interacciones, que es el corazón de la ciencia de la complejidad. Este cambio de paradigma es quizá de una importancia similar a la transición del geocentrismo al heliocentrismo. Tiene implicaciones fundamentales en la manera de gestionar los sistemas complejos tecno-socio-económicos y, por ende, en la política y la economía.”
“...el menor espacio que va dejando lo Sistémico (System) al Mundo de la Vida (die Lebenswelt) (usando la terminología de Habermas)” DFC
Pero en España.....

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